Success Stories
17/04/2018 16:43

“the Catalogue of the Georgian Cultural Monuments Located in Turkey”

It is common knowledge that Tao-Klarjeti is the name given to an important historical region of Meskheti, Georgia, which along with a few other regions (Artani, Shavsheti, Kola, Parkhali, Tortomi, etc.), is currently located on the territory of Turkey and covers the upper basin of the Chorokhiand the Mtkvari rivers. Historical sources and artifacts reveal that for thousands of years the region hadboth close cooperation and confrontation with a number of Asian countries and cultures. The project – “the Catalogue of the Georgian Cultural Monuments Located in Turkey” was implemented by Caucasus University and the Center for Georgian Culture and Tourism Resources with financial support of ShotaRustaveli National Science Foundation. The project,within which more than 20 exploration expeditions were carried out,was implemented between2013 and 2016. More than 1000 Georgian villages and their outskirts in Tao-Klarjeti and Kola-Artaani were explored and their current state studied. New monuments of culture were discovered and scientifically studied and described. Also, photos and GPS coordinates were taken and historical toponyms ascertained. In addition, a number of manuscripts and other written sources on Tao-Klarjeti were studied. The Catalogue of Tao-Klarjeti Cultural Monuments, including all the above-mentioned information, is published in four volumes and contains descriptions of more than 1,200 monuments, including those having a special historical and architectural value. Nowadays, the majority of Tao-Klarjeti monuments exist only in written sources or at best only small fragments remain. However, we still considered it reasonable to describe them and include them in the Catalogue. The first volume is a general part (historic background, index, literature and so on). In the other three volumes the description is given according to historical regions: volume 2 – Kola-Artaani; volume 3 – Shavsheti-Klarjeti, volume 4 – Tao.  A description of each monument is attached with written sources and photo material.

Studies in Positive Psychology

17/04/2018 16:34
The aim of the project is to develop and implement the PhD program “Studies in Positive Psychology”. The PhD program has two research directions, each of corresponding to separate units: (a) positive psychology in personality studies and (b) positive psychology in counseling. The tentative research topics are as follows: (a) emotion related personality dispositions – emotional intelligence, empathy; creativity, psychological well-being, generativity, moral judgment, self and identity, narrative identity, individual differences in personal narratives and repeated narration, HEXACO model of personality; (b) Stress, stigma, and coping strategies; posttraumatic growth and rumination; ambiguous loss, aversive personality characteristics – dark triad and its correlates; cognitive errors, alternative model for personality disorders, narrative construction in therapeutic context, narratives in the context of subjective well-being and mental health. The program is built upon methodological pluralism, and combines quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods for data gathering, analyzing and interpretation. The first year of the project will be spent on the program development and obtaining accreditation from the National center of quality enhancement of Georgia (NCEQE). Three years are set to enroll the first generation of postgraduate students, to teach mandatory and elective courses to PhD students, to design and implement PhD research projects in the positive psychology field, to provide advanced knowledge in research methods and academic writing to doctorates and academic staff involved in the project. International experts are supposed to be enrolled on each stage of the project, starting from preparations and consultation to visits to Georgia for work meetings, talks, workshops for students, and intensive courses. Existing doctoral programs in psychology do not meet the demands of potential PhD program applicants. The necessity of the presented PhD program is determined by two factors: a few number of current PhD programs and underrepresentation of current tendencies, specifically, the positive psychology research paradigm. Positive psychology is a new branch in psychology, which was launched in 1999. It completely alters the view of personality, its functioning and approaches to psychological counseling/therapy, and shifts the focus from pathology towards personality growth, mental health, and adaptive functioning. Studies in positive psychology aims at revealing all those personal, social, cultural factors that determine and/or influence individuals’ psychological and emotional well-being. The primary goal of the PhD program is to generate new scientific knowledge in positive psychology. It is based on scientist-practitioner model. It means that the aim of the program is the preparation of researcher-practitioners, who are able to lead research, academic and practical work in Academia and/or in other fields (e.g. educational and healthcare systems). The objectives of the program involve teaching (learning & teaching) and research components: Learning — obtaining, understanding and critically evaluating the new knowledge in psychology this is based on recent empirical research achievements. Teaching — developing teaching skills necessary to teach at all three levels of university education. Research — generating new empirical knowledge, conducting scientific-research work, planning, designing and implementing research projects.   Expected Outcomes of the PhD Program The expected outcome of the project is the preparation of the qualified researcher-practitioner, who meets the criteria of international scientific qualification and is capable to plan and implement scientific-research work independently, to develop course curricula, and lead the teaching process at all three levels of university education. Besides, the PhD program, which will be developed in the frame of the project, will be in operation during five years [1] after obtaining program accreditation (until renewal of the accreditation). This will make possible to prepare well-qualified research staff and continue research work by means of those human and material resources that will be produced in the project. The presented project will the first precedent of structured and organized scientific work in positive psychology in Georgian academia, which will have the potential to attract researchers interested in this field of studies, and to develop to the positive psychology research center in Caucasus region. The conferences and academic visits planned in frame of the project will give opportunity to be involved in the international scientific world and to investigate, implement and study this relatively new direction of psychology in Georgia too. This will be the main asset of the project.   Short bios  Program supervisor, young scientists and experts are experienced scholars in both, research and teaching fields and their expertise fully corresponds to the PhD program requirements. Here is the brief overview of professional carrier for each member: Program supervisor – Maia Mestvirishvili, PhD Maia Mestvirishvili is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences at Tbilisi State University. Her major research interests are social identity, stigma and coping, moral judgment and religious attitudes. She has received international scholarships at Columbia University, UC Berkeley, University of Leuven, University of Fribourg and City University of NY (CUNY).  Maia Mestvirishvili is the Principle Investigator of research projects funded by the Academic Swiss Caucasus Network (ASCN) “Dispositional And Attitudinal Predictors Of Citizenship Style In Georgia” and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) “ Homophobia in Georgia: Can It Be Predicted? '' She is an author of three interdisciplinary courses: ‘Stigma and Health’; ‘Self and Identity’ And ‘Visual Methods In Social Sciences’. She is an author of more than ten scientific publications and conference papers. Young scientists (1) – Lili Khechuashvili, PhD Lili Khechuashvili – is an Associate Professor at the Psychology Department, Faculty of psychology and educational Sciences, TSU. In 2008-2015 she received research and academic scholarships at the University of Iowa (USA), Tartu University (Estonia), Central European University (Hungary), and Western Washington University (USA, two different scholarships). She holds a research scholarship from the International Higher Education Support Program of the Open Society Foundations (“Posttraumatic growth and psychological well-being reflected in life story narratives”) and Fulbright research grant (“Master narrative: Culture distributed in life story narratives”). In 2010-2012 she was the author and head of undergraduate program in psychology at the University of Georgia. From 2011 to present she is program accreditation expert at the National Center for Education Quality Enhancement. She is the author of four mandatory and selective courses: Basics in “Applied Statistics with SPSS”, “Study of lives and narrative analysis”, “Studies in Psychobiography”, and “Personality Psychology”. She is the author/co-author of more than ten scientific papers, two text-books and various international conference presentations. Young scientists (2) – Khatuna Martskvishvili, PhD Khatuna Martskvishvili – is an Associate Professor at the Psychology Department, Faculty of psychology and educational Sciences, TSU. In 2008-2015 she received research and academic scholarships at the University College of London (Great Britain), Universities of Leuven (Belgium). Towson University (USA) and University of Graz.  She holds a research scholarship from the Heinrich Boell Foundation (“The relationship of emotional intelligence with  trauma coping) and Shota Rustaveli National Foundation research grant for young scientists (“The role of intelligence, emotion-related personality aspects and selfactualization in creativity”) (because of that grant she doesn’t get a salary in this project). In 2010 -2016 she was co-supervisor of bachelor program in psychology and co-supervisor and coordinator of master program – psychological assessment/diagnostic and counseling. She is author/co-author of more than ten scientific articles, one textbook and more than twenty-five international conference presentations. Consultant (1) – Prof. Dr. Aljoscha Neubauer Aljoscha C. Neubauer studied psychology and sociology at the University Of Graz, Austria. Since 1998 he is professor of Differential Psychology at the department of psychology of the University of Graz where he was also head of the department and vice-dean for teaching affairs. He served as president of different scientific societies (International Society of Intelligence Research, ISIR), and International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID) and was/is co-editor or member of the editorial board of several international journals (e.g. Intelligence, Journal of Individual Differences, Personality and Individual Differences). Currently he is president of the Austrian Society of Psychology. The main focus of his research is on human aptitude and all its facets (intelligence, creativity, social and emotional competences, practical intelligence) and neurophysiological bases. Additional research topics are related to applied human resources psychology: Personnel selection and development as well as leadership research. He has more than 200 publications (>100 publications in peer reviewed journals, more than 30 book chapters, several books including two written in collaboration with Elsbeth Stern and several psychological tests). Consultant (2) – Prof.  Dr. Kate McLean Kate C. McLean, Professor of Psychology at Western Washington University, was trained in Developmental and Personality Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz (Ph.D., 2004).  Her research focuses on adolescent and emerging adult identity development. She is on the executive committee of the Association for Research in Personality, and the governing council for the Society for the Study of Emerging Adulthood. She is an Associate Editor for the Journal Personality and Social Psychology: PPID. She teaches courses in Developmental and Personality Psychology, as well as research methods. Her research focuses on how people recall and interpret their life experiences in narrative form. In her research she tries to better understand how each person’s identity is at the same time unique to his or her own life story, as well as born out of a social context that merits consideration in understanding the whole person as he or she begins to consolidate a sense of identity and purpose in the world. She is the author of more than 100 publications, up to 10 book chapters, 2 textbooks, and co-editor of 2 books.    
17/04/2018 16:20

„Description and Digitalization of Manuscripts in the Museum of Literature”

The collection of manuscripts of the LEPL Giorgi Leonidze State Museum of Georgian Literature is of utmost importance with its diversity and abundance. The museum preserves philosophical-religious manuscript books, charters, historical documents, works of art, samples of orally transmitted folklore, personal correspondence and memoirs, which represent highly necessary resources in both research and educational processes. The availability of authentic documents is an acute problem for the researchers today. Therefore, the project implemented by the Museum is of great significance. As a result, two products have been created – a book and an electronic database . This allows scientists working in various fields to use materials necessary and required for teaching-research at any time and in any environment.   Within the framework of the project, 2636 manuscripts, which will be entered into the museum website, have been enumerated and scanned ( approximately 5% of the total foundation ) and the digital versions have been created. As a result, four books containing the descriptions of manuscripts have been prepared step-by-step, where manuscripts have been placed in chronological order. The first book presents the Gospel of XII-XIX centuries, theological collections, charters, manuscripts containing different editions of the “Knight in the Partner’s Skin”, Law books, Medieval medical books, pedigrees, regulations, letters; The second book presents descriptions of the manuscripts by Nikoloz Baratashvili, Tekla Batonishvili, Alexander, Vakhtang, Dimitry, Mariam and Grigol Orbeliani, Dimitry, Nikoloz, Konstantine, Elene and Nino Kipianidze; The third book presents descriptions of the archives of Giorgi, Davit, Rafiel and Elizbar Eristavi, Alexander, Ekaterine and Davit Chavchavadze, Alexander Nikolai and Ilia Chavchavadze; and the fourth book presents works of Akaki and Giorgi Tsereteli, Iakob Gogebashvili and Ivane Kereselidze, personal and official correspondence, translations, memories and other different types of documents.   Each manuscript of the book possesses individual and geographical search engines in order to provide the user with the necessary materials in a quick and easy way. A description of chronologically arranged manuscripts creates a unified time frame, which allows to see clearly the distinctive political, social and cultural landmarks in a given epoch. In addition, while in the process of description, the implemented ascription and dating revealed the necessity for a new research in literary studies. In this regard, personal letters and memories are worth noting, in which the information is actually unknown for the researchers, and only due to this project, the information has come to light. The electronic database of manuscripts created with the search engines is located on the website of the museum. Since the collection of Literature Museum is growing each year, it is possible to update the base for each new product. The electronic database of manuscripts is also the best source for foreign scientists, for whom the printed products in Georgia are unknown and inaccessible in most cases. Description of manuscripts preserved in the Literature Museum (as a book and electronic database) allows the researcher, teacher or any other person concerned, both in Georgia and abroad, to use the unique collection, which has been growing rich during the tens of years, easily, without any obstacles and very quickly. Accordingly, it represents the best source of literature, history of translation, history of law, Medieval Studies, Linguistics and Georgian-foreign relations for the researchers/scholars.      
17/04/2018 16:15

probiotics production

The project № AR/106/7-280/14 (2015-2017), applied research grants, manager – Prof. of the Agricultural University of Georgia Vladimir Elisashvili, the participants – Drs. Eva Kachlishvili, Tamar Khardziani, Violeta Berikashvili, Maia Khutsishvili – Maisuradze, amount of the fund: 119 990 GEL. The project goal was to develop a low cost and competitive technology for spore-forming probiotic production and their use in animal husbandry and poultry farming as a natural protective barrier between animals and infectious agents, which is a real natural alternative to traditional antibiotic therapy, increasing animal productivity and improving product safety. Bacillus subtilis KATMIRA 1933 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B-1895 were used for spore production. Fundamental studies for the first time revealed the physiological peculiarities of bacteria in submerged and solid-state fermentations of plant raw materials. Cultivation conditions (growth substrate, carbon and nitrogen source and their concentrations, specific supplements and stimulators) have been established to provide high yields of spores. As a result, the highest over the world spore yields were achieved: 10 11 /ml - in submerged fermentation and 10 12 /g substrate - during solid-state fermentation. The bacilli cultivation was scaled up from flasks to a 7-liter laboratory fermenter (submerged cultivation) while the solid-state fermentations to the pilot level. Probiotic preparations were tested as food supplements at a broiler farm. Compared to antibiotics, the bacilli probiotics improved the birds’ productivity and feed conversion, reduced their mortality, and increased the European index. The team of the Animal Husbandry and Feed Production Institute of Agricultural University of Georgia is an owner of the developed low cost and competitive technologies for spore-forming probiotic production. Currently, the team members prepare documentation for commercialization of the created technologies at the newly created biotechnological company. The project results were presented at international conferences (in 2016 at the 17th European Congress of Biotechnology, Krakow, Poland, in 2017 at the International Conference on Probiotics and Prebiotics, Budapest, Hungary) and in three articles in peer-reviewed journals.
17/04/2018 16:07

"The pilot project for arranging a network in Georgia of VLF/LF electromagnetic emissions preceding earthquakes”

At the end of the 20th century, it has been found that the process of nucleation of strong earthquakes is accompanied by a generation of very low frequency and low frequency (VLF/LF), as well as, extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic (EM) radiation, which is observed both on the surface of the earth and by satellites. Studies have shown that the origin of the radio signal is connected to the formation of the cracks within the seismogenic area of ​​the earthquake, which can translate into a rupture of the fault close to the hypocentre. On the basis of satellites and ground based networks, the VLF/LF electromagnetic emissions monitoring is underway in almost every seismically active region of the world (Japan, Europe, China, etc.). Since Georgia, similar to Japan, the US and some parts of Europe, is considered to be one of the seismically active countries, the studies related to earthquakes and their generation and possible prediction are of vital importance for us. Due to some objective reasons, the recording of the VLF/LF electromagnetic emissions preceding earthquakes has not been possible in Georgia. For this reason, the research team, which participated in the above-mentioned grant, has set up a pilot project to establish a VLF/LF network in Georgia in the future, starting with the installation of a trial station in Tbilisi. Based on the positive and novel results of the theoretical and practical work carried out by the group during the project, the management of the International Network for Frontier Research on Earthquake Precursors (INFREP) ( ) decided to donate the second receiver. Taking into consideration the urban conditions and geology of Tbilisi, both of the receivers were installed in Tbilisi. The above stations are field training-scientific stations, are useful not only for high-level scientific research, but also serve educational purpose. With the aim of transferring recent worldwide scientific achievements in the field of earthquake prediction to Georgia, since the reception of the grant, St. Andrew the First-Called Georgian University of the Patriarchate of Georgia has launched a Doctoral Training - Educational program "Geophysics". This way the students were able to get a first-hand experience in conducting the high-level scientific research. Thus, as a consequence of the Rustaveli Foundation grant, first time in Georgia, a network of VLF/LF EM radiation receivers for detecting earthquake precursors     has been established. To complement the network, we have also installed one GNSS station near the town of Mtskheta. The EM receivers were included in the International Network for Frontier Research on Earthquake Precursors (INFREP), where the data is being transmitted and stored on a regular basis. The incorporation of the team in this network, enabled the Georgian scientists to access the EM radiation data from the entire European networks and provided a unique opportunity for further advancing the theoretical and practical scientific research in this new direction. The Georgian group is conducting research in close cooperation with the representatives of the other countries in INFRAP, such as, Italy, Greece, Russia and Austria, as well as with several associated members from the US and Japan. It should be noted that among the former Soviet Union countries, only Russia (the Far East side) and Georgia are involved in this international network. It should be added that the inclusion in the network, enabled us to conduct of theoretical work that was not provided by the grant and is related to the possible predictability of earthquakes. Therefore, the group members had to create an independent scientific group and to develop the theory of the "Lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupling model", part of which is published in international scientific journals. In the future, the group envisages to establish a regional cooperation, and in this regard, it has set some specific tasks to be achieved in the future. Regional scientific ties are necessary because Georgia is part of the Caucasus, which is a seismically active region. As a result, taking into account the specifics of the methodology, it's important to bypass the national borders and obtain observations from the entire region, with the final of goal of improving the earthquake preparedness in Georgian and the entire Caucasus.
17/04/2018 16:02

Evaluation of ecological problems of the Black Sea against the background of global warming and forecasting of erosive and mudflow processes as well as solid sediments of river basins for protecting G

It is widely known the purpose of the Black Seafor economical connection between East and West. It is one main part of transport corridor and its ports are an important tool for cargo shipping. It is known also about its ecological problems, which has acquired international importance today. From the ecological problems first is water quality, among them distribution of hydrogen sulfide and intensification of abrasion processes of sea coastal zone connecting to  sea level increase, on which is depend development of tourism, visitor entry and shipping of goods from ports. Due to all above mention in the framework of the project (2014-2017) has been implemented Suitable research: It has beenstudied background condition of the water quality (27-29 charachteristics); It has been determinate level of hydrogen sulfide distribution; It has been worked out measure for protect sea coastal zone from abrasion processes; In the territorial water of Georgia, sea water is polluted with some heavy metals, but sea water quality from the ecological safety is satisfactory and is not danger for health of human. Recently, in the Black Sea level of hydrogen sulfide is not alert, however, it is necessary to continue its monitoring.We have twice defined the level of hydrogen sulfide, in almost the same coordinates,away from Poti sea 3miles depth, in both cases, the spread of hydrogen sulfide is identical,asses in the internationally recognized size parameters and is equal to 180 m (see in the annex graph.1 and photo.1 ) There is a different situation in the waters inflow of the sea,which are often polluted by some heavy metals, biogenic compound and biological parameters. Whereas the wastewater in the seas, along with other factors, determine the quality of sea water. In order to stop the intensity of the abrasive processes caused by the increase in the level of the Black Sea, relevant recommendations have been worked out,in which you are given thatin order to protect the sea coastline from abrasive processes it is necessary to regulate the hydrological regime of rivers, so that the equilibrium should be based on the washing of the coastline and the solid river transported by rivers.At the same time, arrangement of hydraulic construction against sea-wave-resistance is necessary. The determination has been implemented from right to left: project director. Doctor, professor Robert Diakonidze; doctors LevanTsulukidze and TamrikoSupatashvili; engineer-mechanic of floating mean UshangiKakauridze.  
17/04/2018 15:58

Dynamics and thermodynamics in magnetic nanoparticles

During first 18 month of the project we have successfully undertaken the studies of dynamical properties of long-range interacting nanoparticle systems and the results of joint studies have been in the international Journal (J. Phys. A: Math. Theor, v. 50, 12LT02. ). In particular, we have investigated how one dimensional model works in order to generalize the results for the much more complicated three dimensional spin system. We have examined the existence and propagation of solitons in a long-range extension of the quartic Fermi–Pasta–Ulam (FPU) chain of anharmonic oscillators where the coupling in the linear term decays as a power-law. We have obtained an analytic perturbative expression of traveling envelope solitons by introducing a non linear Schrödinger equation for the slowly varying amplitude of short wavelength modes. Due to the non analytic properties of the dispersion relation, it is crucial to develop the theory using discrete difference operators. Those properties are also the ultimate reason why kink-solitons may exist but are unstable, at variance with the short-range FPU model. We have successfully compared these approximate analytic results with numerical simulations. Next we proceed with thermodynamic properties of long-range nanoparticle systems. For this purpose we have performed numerical simulations on three dimensional spin system forming simple cubic lattice and coupled by dipolar forces. We have examined both canonical (system coupled with thermal bath) and microcanonical (isolated system) ensembles and plotted caloric curve. First preliminary results display ensemble inequivalence and existence of temperature jumps and negative specific heat in microcanonical case. It should be especially emphasized that negative specific heat has not been observed up to now in laboratory systems and now we are working to choose specific parameters for the experimental suggestions for observing this exotic effect.
17/04/2018 15:50

Development of New Energy Saving Technologies in order to solve the problems of supply of drinking water in urban areas of mountainous regions of Georgia

The project describes potable water supply of those urban territories, which are located in the arid zone, which represents a problem not only for Georgia, but also for the world. In the conditions of the global warming, the demand on potable water is gradually increasing. The main target of the project is to work out new power saving technologies, which ensures the water supply of urban territories. In the first place we worked out the method for finding prospective water intake in the river valleys which are built with rocks of alluvial and prolluvial structure, which plays a decisive role in the development of power saving technologies and which involves the investigation of geo-morphological, geological, hydro-geological, hydrological factors, and chemical and physical properties of water, climate factors, etc. According to the mentioned method, the water accumulated in the valley shall be supplied to the settled area using a self-flow mechanism. As long as potable water problem is especially active in the towns and villages of Kakheti, the field and reconnaissance works according to the mentioned method were carried out in the valleys on the north-east slopes of the Tsiv-Gombori Ridge. The surveys revealed that such alluvia and prolluvial structure prevails in the valley of the Cheremiskhevi River. From the absolute elevations between 647.73-650.51 meters potable water may be supplied to Gurjaani via self-flow. In accordance with the tasks planned in the scientific projects for obtaining grants, geological and hydrogeological works were carried out on the study site. The central and exploration and exploitation water wells were arranged on the first terrace of the Cheremiskhevi River. Appropriate maps were also made (topographic, geologic, engineering-geologic, hydro-geologic and hydrologic), including the lithological sections. There were two different layers selected as a result of drilling works. From the mentioned layer soil samples were extracted and they were tested in the laboratory for defining their geo-technical properties, as a result of which it was defined the water containing alluvial-prolluvial rubble and pebbly-gravelly soils are spread to the depth of 5.0 meters, which are underlain by Neocene grayish-blue water non-permeable clays. Test pumping were carried out in the central and exploration and exploitation water wells, which gave us interesting and important results. Filtration ratio K, and discharge parameters Q were determined, as well as ground water circulation velocity and the changes of their levels in the wells. As a result of field and hydro-geological investigations it may be concluded that there are significant underground water horizons in the alluvial and prolluvia structure if the Cheremiskhevi riverbed. Investigation of drinkable properties of filtered waters existed in the alluvial and prolluvial deposits of the Cheremiskhevi River valley was carried out in the field and laboratory conditions. As a result of investigations it was defined that the water were hydro-carbonate calcium and that the chemical and physical content of waters taken in this period complied with the requirements of Technical Regulation of Potable Water approved by an Ordinance N 58 of 15 January 2014 of the Government of Georgia. According to bacteriological surveys conducted in March, December and July 2016 it turned out that the water was polluted, although after taking some water treatment measures, the water will meet the requirements under the above mentioned standard. On the basis of all above mentioned surveys, a new power saving technology, named: “Water Intake Structure underneath the Riverbed” was developed (the invention was patented), which accumulates water in alluvial and prolluvial geo-structures existed in the rivers with permanent (continuous) or temporary discharge, which excludes the electricity expenses and which is economically far more effective than those which are currently approved – the artesian water intake wells.
17/04/2018 15:50

HE project № AR/176/3-220/14 "Georgian national costumes study for the processing of illustrated directory and samples "by Akaki Tsereteli State University  professor, Nino Dolidze was revealed as the winning project of Applied Research State Scientific Grants Competition of 2014 The objective of the project - "Georgian national costumes study for the processing of illustrated directory and samples " – is processing encyclopedic illustrated Georgian-English directory based on ancient written sources, iconographic materials, collections of Georgian national costumes preserved in museums and the analysis of scientific works. The result of the project is systematized scientific work “"Georgian national costumes illustrated directory” which illustrates how  national clothing developed from ancient times to the first half of the 20th century, various kinds of costumes of different parts of Georgia, silhouette forms, comparative analysis, materials  and ancient folk methods for making the clothes as well as adornments. It’s noteworthy that, the authors of the group presented national garment constructions and technological processing schemes for the first time in the directory. It’s of great significance to pass these constructions unchanged from generation to generation. The work also encloses the illustrated glossary of Georgian traditional clothing terms. Illustrated reference book of Georgian national clothing is represented in both Georgian and English language, thus, the work is available to general public. It’s also informative for those who are interested in the unique monument of Georgian material culture. The following scientific monographs were developed and published within the framework of the project: Study of Georgian National Clothes according to written sources, museum exhibits and iconographic materials , ATSU Press, Kutaisi 2016 Construction and technological planning of Georgian national clothes, ATSU Press, Kutaisi 2017 Glossary of Georgian National Clothing Terms ATSU Press, Kutaisi 2017 The results obtained within the framework of the project are published in high-rating references, scientific journals both in Georgia and abroad
17/04/2018 15:43

Laboratory and mathematical modeling of landslides triggered by no factors. Field studies

The ultimate goal of the work is a comprehensive study of the landslide preparing process dynamics. In particular, with laboratory experiments and numerical modeling, we want to evaluate the effects of weak impact or influence (ie, moisture, seismic fluctuations, temperature and other parameters change) on landslides and seismic process probability. To carry out the assigned tasks was assembled the device where is possible carriyng out stick-slip process modeling experiments on spring-slider model. The system consists of movable and immovable basalt blocks. Is possible acceleration and acoustic emission registration  and pulling force value recording. It is also possible imposing the triggering influence  on several points of immovable plate. Also was assembled Burridge-Knopoff experimental equipment. Burridge-Knopoff unit represents a some small plates of basalt, which are connected to each other with springs. These plates can slip on large basalt plate. Each of the small plate is connected with spring to the top platform, which can move with certain speed and pull also small plates.     Was made inclined  experimental equipment. The device is also possible to conduct experiments on small basalt plates slidings on a immovable basalt plate. It is possible change the tilt angle from 10 ° to 50 °. Assembled was also inclined equipment for landslide modeling . The tilt angle change  on this equipment is in the range from 0 ° to 80 °. On the device is mounted  ditch, in which was placed  sand or other landslide materials and investigated landslide slip triggering conditions. It turned out that by moderate wetting of materials increases critical slip angle. Laboratory works was carried out by means of landslides research using acoustic emission. Conducted mathematical and numerical modeling research of stick-slip process. Were also conducted field geophysical researchs on several Georgian landslides, in particular: khoko, gombori and mukhatgverdi landslides. Has been developed a landslide mathematical model and the safety coefficient (FS) calculation methods. Were assessed safety coefficients for some landslides.  Were assessed triggering conditions by external periodical forcing and humidity change. In order to better understand the physical mechanism triggering, a more a more powerful source of triggering is required and experiments are performed under different experimental conditions. The obtained results fundamentally confirm the prospect of the possibility of controlling the mass movement and seismicity, with the help of a relatively weak artificial (powerful electromagnetic pulse, mechanical vibrations) or natural (earthquakes, heavy rain, thunder, storm, ...) impacts.